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Kenya is a country in East Africa. Some examples of African traditional faiths include the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, the Serer of Senegal, the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and Vodun, a religion practiced by the Gbe peoples. Tag Archives: Traditional African Religions Religious Leaders Partly to Blame for Domestic Violence Rise in Tanzania. The belief in the existence of the visible and invisible world is one of the common conceptions in all the African traditional religions. Traditional African religions. 5. Christians including both Protestants, Catholics, and other Christians account for 83% of Kenya’s population. Rev. Welcome to the summary lecture of African Traditional Religions. Parrinder (1975), in his book West African Religion, discusses the beings under four headings: The Supreme God, the Sky gods, the Mother earth, and other divinities. Just under 10% of the population still do not adhere to Christianity or Islam, but to their traditional beliefs. The purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like to work in the context of Africa. Vodun gave increase to a number of various diaspora faiths, throughout the world collectively referred to as “Voodoo” or “Vudú.” 3. letter titled ‘Attention to African Traditional Religions’, which may be the rst Vatican document to recognise AIR as a dialogue partner in the African context (Mercado 2004, If numbers of adher-ents are indicative of the continued existence of a religion, then the numbers of adherents of African religion ensure its continu-ation in the future. Desire for self-rule continued to build and in 1944 the Kenya African Union, a nationalist party, was founded. Some challenge the word "traditional" and prefer "indigenous" since traditional can also include traditional African Islam and Christianity, and are established traditions in African societies. Moreover, in the African traditional religions, it is really difficult to determine the subtle boundaries between the daily life and the religious life. These 11 items can be combined into a single scale to provide an overall picture of where involvement with traditional African religions is highest. African traditional religion was in line with the taboos while in Christianity worship is in line with the ten commandments. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. traditional religious practices (visiting traditional healers, owning sacred objects, participating in ceremonies to honor ancestors and participating in traditional puberty rituals). Igbo traditional worldview reveals that the journey that man makes in a lifetime and after his death is cyclical. ... government officials, and public awareness campaigns based in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Latvia. Mugambi, 1995). The African religions scholar Placide Tempels describes every misfortune that Africans encounter as "a diminution of vital force." I plan to visit Kenya soon, and these are the dishes I want to try or have already tried. RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF W O R L D P O P U L A T I O N : 1.3 percent such as rivers, mountains, trees, and the Sun (as well as forces such as wind and rain), represent the nature spir- its. Terminology. Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. The dishes in Kenya are diverse and are a mix of ethnicity and tradition. For many people, combining traditional religion with either Many indigenous languages are spoken by the various indigenous tribes of Kenya. It is known for its wildlife safaris, beautiful landscapes, and—of course—delicious food. J ohn S. M biti is Professor of Theology and Comparative Religion in Makere University College, Uganda. African Traditional Religion (ATR) and cultural practices in most parts of African communities are environmentally friendly and sustainable, contributing so much to natural resource sustainability and conservation (International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 1992). Muslims and followers of traditional African religions also … European and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions. The remaining minority of people in Kenya follow religions such as Hinduism and Sikhism. Kenya, so they say their prayers facing the Mountain. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Islam is the second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by about 11.1% of the total population. In four countries, for instance, half or more of the population believes that sacrifices to ancestors or spirits can protect them from harm. Christian worship is done in churches while African traditional religion, worship is done in sacred places for example shrines and caves, under trees, grave yards. Illness and death result from some outside agent, a person, thing, or circumstance that weakens people because the agent contains a greater life force. African traditional religions and Indigenous African religions are both common terms used to discuss the subject of indigenous faiths found within Africa. Other faiths practiced in Kenya are Baha'i, Hinduism and traditional religions. This is a 3-hour summary lecture on the basic components of African Traditional Religions. They also bury their dead with their heads towards the mountain. Religions in Kenya (2009 census) ... and the settlers regarded them as pro-African. Posted on May 5, 2015 by Kaylyn, Jessica, Brandon and Derek. African traditional religions and African arts dovetail. African traditional religions is a term referring to a variety of religions indigenous to the continent of Africa.. 3. The Kikuyu religion is one of the traditional African religions practiced in Kenya. Religion of Kenya – Traditional Kenyan Beliefs. The spread of Christianity in Kenya has largely eliminated many of the traditional and tribal beliefs held by the people of Kenya, prior to contact with Europeans. Side by side with their high levels of commitment to Christianity and Islam, many people in the countries surveyed retain beliefs and rituals that are characteristic of traditional African religions. In this in-depth study, Professor Yusufu Turaki undertakes a systematic analysis of the nature of African Traditional Religion, its complex history with Christianity, and the need for African Christian theology to address its cultural and historical roots effectively. In Kenya, different religions are practiced but Christians are estimated to form 83% of the population followed by Muslims at 11% while other religions such as Hinduism, Bahai, Buddhism and African traditional religions account for the remaining 4% while 2% do not believe in any religion10. Other Kenyan Religions. African Traditional Religion (ATR) or African Religion in this paper gave meaning and a sense of purpose to all aspects of thought and action (cf. In contemporary discussions of ways to attain sustainable and authentic human development, there is a reluctance to consider the influence of African traditional religion. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. This was among the few religions in Africa before colonization. African Religions, AFRICAN RELIGIONS ••• This entry presents a brief, general picture of Africa's traditional religious heritage, focusing on the major beliefs because… Eritrea, POPULATION 4,465,651 SUNNI MUSLIM 50 percent ORTHODOX CHRISTIAN (TEWAHDO) 40 percent EASTERN CATHOLIC (EASTERN RITE) AND ROMAN CATHOLIC 5.5 percent P… Religious traditions of Africa. It has become customary in modern times to discuss the history of African Christianity focusing only on the period dating back to the colonial days. In 1946, the Kikuyu leader Jomo Kenyatta returned after sixteen years in England and began agitating for Kenyan independence. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. It may be hard to generalise the indigenous religions because of the difference in most of the African cultures. It is estimated that close to one hundred million or ten percent of the African population still follows the indigenous religious beliefs. In Africa, the traditional belief systems hold the ascription The historiography of African religions and religions in Africa presents a remarkable shift from the study of 'Africa as Object' to 'Africa as Subject', thus translating the subject from obscurity into the global community of the academic study of religion. The predominant Religion in Kenya is Christianity, which is adhered to by an estimated 82.6% of the total population. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. This is known as life cycle. The Traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are highly diverse and include various ethnic religions. Last week, in a veiled comparison between African traditional religions and Christianity, which is the major religion in Jamaica, some of the key elements of African traditional religions were discussed using Kenya-born Professor John S. Mbiti, a well-known scholar and researcher of African religions, as the main reference. The Kikuyu religion believes that Ngai, or God, lives on top of Mt. Indian religions such as these came to Kenya mainly by the Indian workers who were brought in to build the Uganda rail line. 4. This article was the last of three lectures delivered at a religious workshop on Religion in Africa Today, held at St. Paul's Theological College, Limuru, Kenya, 13–16 April 1970, and attended by staff from theological colleges in East Africa. sizable number of adherents in African-influenced religions in the Americas and elsewhere in the world. This is what made scholars such as Mbiti (1969,p.1), Parrinder (1954,p.9) and Mugambi (1995) conclude that Africans are notoriously, incurably and reputably religious respectively. African tribal societies are rich in the awareness of a Supreme Being to the extent that no native-born African is unaware of God’s existence (O’Donovan 1996:41). Each term is debated among scholars. Religion gives meaning and value to all forms of African artistic expression, including literature, music, visual art, and dance. African Traditional Religions F O U N D E D : 200,000–100,000 B.C.E. 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