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consequences of human trafficking in nigeria

In 2017, a total of 18,000 Nigerian migrants were recorded to have arrived into Europe via the Mediterranean, 5,400 of which were women (UNHCR, 2018). It ties with the illegal arms trade as the second largest, after the drug-trade in terms of revenue generation for the perpetrators with an estimated income of … The individual is exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and, worst-case scenario, death. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. Keywords: Human, Trafficking, Nigeria, National Image, Moral Appraisal Introduction Human trafficking is defined in international law as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of Also, in 2015, Develop a center for Africa development partnered with NAPTIP to educate over 5000 women, teenagers, educators and youths on how to prevent trafficking in persons. These and many other commendable efforts have been taken to prevent trafficking in persons. Traffickers are trained to identify vulnerability and use expert manipulation tactics to persuade and control their victims. That restoration requires government engagement, empowered communities and access for individuals. Most people are unaware of the harsh conditions that trafficked persons are subjected to, and so, quickly agree to the terms of human traffickers. Human trafficking is the fastest-growing form of slavery. Eventually, they’re trafficked to European countries and face harsher conditions than they did in their own countries. • Although prostitution remains the largest category for Nigerian female trafficking victims who travel abroad, child labour is certainly another, with children engaged in domestic labour, forced begging, quarrying gravel and armed conflict. Human trafficking is a terrible menace to a nation and must be snuffed out quickly. Human trafficking in Nigeria is increasing with both domestic and international human trafficking. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Let us know. Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Lack of adequate legislation and of political will and commitment to enforce existing legislation or mandates are other factors that facilitate trafficking in persons. They identify a void and offer to fill it. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. They’re subjected to harsh inhumane working conditions, as sometimes, in a day, they’re made to engage in sexual activities with a countless number of men. According to statistics by the U.S. Department of State, globally, 2 million children are trafficked into the sex trade each year. Among the root causes of human trafficking in Nigeria, we mention poverty, lack of education, globalization, corruption and gender inequality. CHAPTER ONE. See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report. European nations, like Spain and Italy, are the major target of those fleeing the nation, and recently, it was discovered that Italy has the highest population of Nigerian’s victimized by human trafficking, with over 20,000 women and girls found to be prostituting on the streets of Italy. See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking In Persons Report. It finally recommends measures for controlling the increasing incidence of women and children trafficking in Nigeria. The UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM) further reports that as of January 31, 2020, there were 47,079 registered refugees and asylum-seekers in Libya. Nigeria: Human Trafficking Factsheet. Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education Citizens of countries plagued by violent conflict, most times, seek to escape the tension boiling in their nations, and human traffickers play on this and provide opportunities for these citizens to flee from these conflicts. The media and the general public should also provide relevant information regarding the illegal activity of human traffickers to the appropriate agencies. In August 2017, the current Edo State Governor, Mr. Godwin Obaseki, launched the Edo State Task Force Against Human Trafficking to fight the scourge of human trafficking and unsafe migration in the State. Appropriate agencies should also put in considerable effort to combat the threat. Your email address will not be published. In many third world countries like Nigeria, where unemployment rates are high, and job opportunities are scarce, human traffickers come to the citizens of these nations and woo them with promises of steady paying jobs and a better life in European countries, and these citizens are deceived by these promises and are won over. Over 120 women, youth, educators, law enforcement, legal practitioners, media professionals, health caregivers, and community volunteers were trained between July 2015 to May 2016 from 6 states in Nigeria. While, boys are taken for the purpose of begging, mining, and domestic servitude. To advance our goal of structural transformation on the African continent, we are building a community of survivors who are becoming awakened to their potential and are not only poverty reduction driven, but are laser focused on wealth creation for themselves, their local communities and the continent. It is also called trafficking in persons, especially women and children, and may occur within a country or transnationally. The crime rate is also affected, as most illegal immigrants smuggled into these European countries engage in illegal activities to make ends meet. I. • The overwhelming majority of trafficking victims and migrants make the treacherous journey from Edo State (particularly Benin) and Delta States to Kano, from where they are smuggled into Niger or Algeria before traversing 500 miles over the Sahara Desert into Libya. Human trafficking is an ill plaguing our society even in the 21st century. The general factors that increase vulnerability to trafficking in Nigeria include extreme poverty (now the world’s poverty capital), corruption, conflict, climate change/resulting migration and western consumerism. That figure is now on the decline, as Nigerians are no longer within the top ten nationalities of arrivals by land or sea in 2019. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Human trafficking is an organised crime. H 2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. The paper also review the legislations put in … Also, trafficked persons may also be influenced by greed, and as such, would do anything to “make it” in life, even going as far as selling their bodies as sex workers in European countries. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. Greed, war, and political conditions can also lead to human trafficking. Human Trafficking is a criminal network and business which yields enormous profits. Others who are victims of organ trafficking are murdered and never make it back to Nigeria. Anthropologica. According to IOM, there are approximately 356,000 IDPs  (as of November 2019) and 636,000 refugees and migrants in Libya (as of January 2020), the country from which a large percentage of migrants attempt the journey into Europe. The law's prescribed penalties of five years' imprisonment and/or a $670 fine for labor trafficking, 10 years' imprisonment for trafficking of children for forced begging or hawking, and 10 years to life imprisonment for sex trafficking are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. (It is noteworthy that the UNODC’s January 7, 2019 Report now estimates the number of children in slavery at almost 1/3 of all global victims.) The individual is exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and, worst-case scenario, death. The new Act, which was approved by the Edo State House of Assembly in March 2018 (just shortly after the Oba of Benin’s pronouncement on March 9th renouncing all curses which had been placed on victims of human trafficking in Edo State by juju priests), “provides an effective and comprehensive legal and institutional framework for the prohibition, prevention, detection, prosecution and punishment of human trafficking and related offenses in Edo State,” according to Governor Obaseki. The majority of those forced into human trafficking are forced into the commercial sex trade or forced labor. In Africa, a total of 955 prosecutions (down from 1,253 in 2018) and 2,112 convictions (up from 1,190 in 2018) were generated in 2019. Fighting the menace requires a coordinated and concerted push from all stakeholders. According to ILO report, an estimated number of 5.5 Million children are trafficked around the world and the rate of trafficking keeps increasing as children are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced labour, benefit fraud, criminal activities, and many more. Human trafficking has negative effects on Nigeria’s image and has necessitated the establishment of the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) by federal government, and in collaboration with some organizations to stem the tide. ABSTRACT . Elechi, J. N. (November 2012). NDLEA, Kano Command arrests two suspects in possession of cocaine, Violence and killing in Ogun, 25 suspects arrested, List of 47 Insurance Companies in Nigeria 2021 and their addresses, Federal Civil Service Commission Recruitment 2021: Application Form Portal, Requirements and Guide, Infinix Hot 8 Lite Price In Nigeria; Full Specs, Design, Review, Buying Guide And Where To Buy, NDE Recruitment 2021: Application Form Portal, Requirements and Guide, Infinix Note 7 Price In Nigeria; Full Specs, Design, Review, Buying Guide And Where To Buy, How to check glo data balance; 3 methods that works now, 10 ethnic groups with the cheapest bride price in Nigeria. (In fact, in Italy, Nigerians represented a meagre 2.1% of the total 11,000 land and sea arrivals in 2019 and numbers have continued to drop since 2017.) Many are returning to school, while others are small business owners; all are committed to changing their narratives from victim to survivor to Pathfinders advocate. This study focuses on the causes, effects and remedies of Child . And, even when they are aware, they still agree to these terms because of the promise of greener pastures. Human trafficking is globally recognized as a modern day slavery with multifarious negative socio-economic, legal and health implications. Global Data on Human Trafficking Women and children are taken from within the country’s borders and taken to other West African and Central African countries like Gabon, Benin, Togo, Niger, Burkina Faso, Gambia, and Chad, as well as other European countries like Russia and Italy, and other the Middle East and North African countries. domestic servitude. Essay On Human Trafficking In Nigeria 713 Words | 3 Pages. IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIAN STATE. Consequences of human trafficking The victims of trafficking are exploited and abused, suffer from different infection contaminations and diseases (more often sexually transmitted diseases such as Hepatitis, Syphilis, and HIV), physical and psycho injuries, and even death. According to IOM, in July 2018, over 60,000 Nigerians remained trapped in Libya, with 50% of them hailing from Edo State. This study identifies the major causes of child trafficking that stand as a bottleneck in Nigeria. Only 2% of those who are trafficked are trafficked outside the country, according to NAPTIP (2016). Codification of the Task Force to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases in Edo (total of 38 investigations and 22 pending prosecutions in 2019- down from 56 investigations and 20 prosecutions in 2018), following an allocation of N242 million by the state government) occurred on May 23, 2018 when Governor Obaseki signed into law the Edo State Trafficking in Persons Prohibition Bill (2018) in Abuja. (According to Italian authorities, there are between 10,000 to 30,000 Nigerian women working in prostitution on the streets of Italy.) (On average, each survivor we partner with has ensured sexual slavery for 3-5 years, having been forced into prostitution an average of 4,000 times.) trafficking especially as it concerns women and children trafficking. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Delta State has since followed suit, creating its own anti-trafficking Task Force in April 2019. Nigeria: Human Trafficking Factsheet. Background on the Crisis of Human Trafficking in Nigeria. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, and security challenges are some of the national issues that lead to trafficking in person’s, and these issues must be tackled if human trafficking is to be dealt with. • According to our preliminary research gleaned from hundreds of repatriating survivors of sex trafficking in Edo State, poverty remains the number one factor rendering women and girls vulnerable to sex trafficking. CHAPTER ONE. THE EFFECTS OF CHILD AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA, Largest Undergraduate Projects Repository, Research Works and Materials. What are the consequences of copyright infringement? In conclusion, having stated the reasons and consequences of human trafficking, it is deemed as an unacceptable act and must be stopped. Also, the Federal government should put in an extra intensive effort to ensure the return and rehabilitation of person’s that have been forced outside the country through the illegal activities of human traffickers. Also, programmes should be put in place by relevant authorities to educate the public on human trafficking and its dangers. However, additional factors such as parental pressure, eroded mindset/values, cultural acceptance of prostitution, limited education and economic opportunities combine to render young women and girls vulnerable to being trafficked. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. Here you will see the meaning of Human trafficking, notable cases, causes, effects and possible solutions to the menace. The general public is not left out as well. This stigma affects, adversely, their already depleting mental and emotional state, and worsens their psychological trauma. (In general, 83.5% of all Nigerians interviewed in 2017 reported to have suffered from physical violence of any kind during the journey, most often in Libya. The harsh economic conditions in the country make some individuals jump at any opportunity to move to greener pastures, and human traffickers deceitfully provide these opportunities. Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. Causes and Consequences of Transnational Human Trafficking in West Africa The causes of transnational human trafficking in West Africa are multiple. Thus, they are sold into slavery and sexual exploitation or forced into marriages. IOM estimates that 80% of these young women arriving from Nigeria – whose numbers have soared from 1,454 in 2014 to 11,009 in 2016 – will likely be forced into prostitution as sex trafficking victims. Human Trafficking: The Modern Day Slavery of the 21st Century. There are also adverse effects … NAPTIP further contends that 75% of those who are trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% are trafficked within states. Prior to the development of the aforementioned Joint Initiative, i.e., in March 2015, Nigeria entered into the Common Agenda for Migration and Mobility Agreement with the EU to address the following: (1) improving legal migration and mobility; (2) preventing and combatting unsafe migration and human trafficking; (3) addressing the root causes and maximizing the development impact of migration; and (4) promoting international protection and support for internally displaced persons. It is noteworthy that between 2014-2016, IOM recorded an almost 600% increase in the number of potential sex trafficking victims arriving in Italy via the Mediterranean. • The total number of human trafficking victims outside of Nigeria is largely unknown. Read more… Terms of Use. The Government of Nigeria maintained strong anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. There are also adverse effects on the population of the countries involved. Most estimates, however, place the total number of Nigerians arriving Europe in 2016 at about 40,000 and about 18,000 in 2017 (men, women and children). 90% of migrant women arriving into Italy from Libya arrive with bruises and other signs of violence. Human trafficking in Nigeria has assumed unimaginable dimension in the last two decades due to several factors which include globalization, economic recession, poverty, conflicts, weak legal system, and lack of adequate legislation and of political will. The crime is as profitable as trafficking in arms and ammunitions and is the second most profitable criminal network to that of drug trafficking; with annual earnings of approximately US 32 Billion dollars (US State Dept). Impact Of Human Trafficking In Nigeria. (2015). The countries where these young women and children are taken to begins to experience overpopulation, as the immigration rate increases. It is the third most common crime in Nigeria after drug trafficking and economic fraud (UNESCO, 2006). First, and most important, is the development of the country by the federal government in terms of infrastructure, job creation, and poverty alleviation. In 2017, that number decreased to 15.5% of total migrants arriving Italy (119,000) in light of the numerous efforts made by Italy and the European Union to stem the flow of migrants from Libya. This paper presents the causes and consequences of the trafficking of women from Nigeria to America and Europe. Unemployment and a lack of job opportunities, like poverty, can quickly lead one into the deceptive hands of human traffickers. It is a crime against the person, as it violates the person’s rights to life and movement. This paper presents the causes and consequences of the trafficking of women from Nigeria to America and Europe. Human trafficking is a human right violation and every year; thousands of men, women and children are trafficked by those known to them and in their own communities too. Women (and also children) are often viewed as objects that can be sold. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; Read Also: 5 traffic robbery suspects in police net. Most rescued victims from NAPTIP’s 2019 Report remain from Edo State, with Imo and Delta States following. According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. But the ugly phenomenon still persists. Those statistics notwithstanding, the total number that currently embark on the journey from Nigeria to Europe remains largely unknown. Human trafficking poses detrimental economic and social consequences in Nigeria. According to UNHCR statistics, Nigerians were not amongst the top 10 nationalities of arrivals by land or sea into Greece, Spain or Italy (the three primary countries for arrivals) in 2019. Human trafficking in Nigeria is caused by a number of reasons, ranging from poverty to unemployment and illiteracy. Human trafficking is one of the fastest-growing activities of transnational criminal organizations. To win the fight against human trafficking we must understand why it is happening. • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. 5 security operations ongoing to deal with bandits, kidnappers: FG, Head of Buhari’s Daura district kidnapped, Armed kidnappers attack community, kill 2, kidnap 3, Nigeria, Niger to work together to stamp out human trafficking. Also, in 2014, a recent report on human trafficking revealed that over  170,  000  arrived in Italy by sea in that year alone, and the numbers continue to increase sporadically. Human trafficking September 10, 2020 • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. Organ trafficking has been on the rise in Libya. Women and girls trafficked to European nations are forced to engage in illicit commercial sex, and so are exposed to all forms of sexually transmitted diseases and infections. the traffickers. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Supra. 1.1 Background of the study. When a person doesn’t know better, it is quite easy to deceive such a person. Lack of adequate legislation and of political will and commitment to enforce existing legislation or mandates are other factors that facilitate trafficking in persons. • According to IOM, an astounding 94% of all Nigerian women trafficked to Europe for prostitution hail from Edo State, with Italy being the number one destination country. 1.1 Background of the study. In Libya, migrants are held in detention camps, generally for several weeks to months, before they are placed in unseaworthy dinghies or boats on the Mediterranean Sea. A more recent December 2018 UN Report notes narratives by Nigerian migrants of unlawful killings, gang rape, prostitution, arbitrary detention, torture and inhumane treatment, unpaid wages, slavery, human trafficking, racism and xenophobia in Libya.) Therefore, the government and bodies who are capable of putting a stop to this act should do everything within their power to put an end to it, and any effort to combat this act must include scrapping out the roots, i.e. Also pretty alarming is his claim that of those who perished on the journey, 68% were Nigerian university graduates. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Jeffrey, C. (2006). Trafficking from Nigeria to other African countries (particularly Cameroon, Ghana and Mali) and the Middle East is also on the rise, with Mali being the primary destination country from which would be victims are rescued by NAPTIP. Also, children from other West African nations like Togo, Ghana, and the Benin Republic are brought to Nigeria and forced to work tedious jobs in inhumane conditions. google_ad_slot = "8444795376"; But for the purpose of synthesis, we would like to organize our ideas around, on the one hand, the socio-economic causes and consequences and, on the other hand, the politico-institutional causes and In other words, the post attempts to find explanations to why child trafficking is such a big problem in Nigeria in spite of efforts made, through legislation and institution building, to combat it. domestic servitude. Trafficking in human beings and more especially, trafficking in Children has been on a rise across the globe. Root Causes of Child Trafficking in Nigeria. In addition, according to NAPTIP, 38.9% of all convictions in 2019 related to the procurement of persons for sexual exploitation, with 22.2% of convictions relating to foreign travel which promotes prostitution. Trafficking of children is synonymous with exploitation child labour. google_ad_height = 600; Human Trafficking in Nigeria; Meaning, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, Rape in Nigeria; Notable Cases, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, Kidnapping in Nigeria; Meaning, Notable Cases, Causes, Effects, Possible Solutions, 11 Notable List of Corruption Cases in Nigeria, Conflict between two Tiv clans averted, while troops killed five militia. Most traffickers recruit their victims between the ages of 6 to 24, because a young victim will easily succumb to force and give in. 99% of the 4.8 million victims of commercial sexual exploitation in 2016 were women and girls, with one in five being children (ILO, 2017). solutions to human trafficking in nigeria Human trafficking has been discovered to be the fastest growing criminal industry in the world. September 10, 2020 • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. There are different forms of human trafficking in Nigeria. In this article, we highlight the root causes of human trafficking in Nigeria. They are forced into heavy physical labor in hazardous environment. The Government of Nigeria maintained strong anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. Stigmatization is another adverse effect of human trafficking. Nigeria has a history of hearing financial issues causing significant unemployment and poverty. Traffickers prey on others weaknesses, unfortunate circumstances, unfamiliarity, and inexperience. Per the latest Global Slavery Index (2018) Report, Nigeria ranks 32/167 of the countries with the highest number of slaves – 1,386,000 – and its National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) reports that the average age of trafficked children in Nigeria, recently downgraded to a Tier 2 Watch country on the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking In Persons Report (2020), is 15. Traffickers trade on human lives, subject them to gory and traumatic experiences in order to … NAPTIP, in its 2018 Report, confirms that the largest number of victims rescued outside of Nigeria were rescued from Libya and are from Edo State. A country ridden by unemployment and poverty cannot successfully shake off the menace of human trafficking. Impact Of Human Trafficking In Nigeria. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Effects of human trafficking in Nigeria Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. For more information, please email info@pathfindersji.org. However, despite the commendable efforts taken to prevent human trafficking, more still has to be done to intensify the battle against the menace. As of September 2019, a total of 14,849 Nigerians have received return, post arrival reception and reintegration assistance via the Joint Initiative. There have been several cases of traffickers losing their life to this act. Read Also: Head of Buhari’s Daura district kidnapped. It is why individuals in underdeveloped areas are more prone to being trafficked. (The multiagency and multidisciplinary Task Force was a recommendation by Pathfinders to the Governor following our successful consultation for the state and organization of the Edo State Workshop on Human Trafficking in May 2017.) It is estimated that over 15 million Nigerians leave outside the country for the purpose of education, jobs, as well as other illicit activities like commercial sex work. Research shows that about 10,000 Nigerian prostitutes in Italy are subjected to human trafficking. Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education It is noteworthy that since the Oba of Benin’s pronouncement, the introduction of the Edo State law and the Task Force’s efforts, international donor efforts targeting the reduction of trafficking in Edo State and the European Union’s  (EU) externalization policies of border control and accompanying legislative wall, traffickers are pushing the trade underground and/or recruiting naive victims from other States, including Kogi, Ondo, Bayelsa and Calabar. Are attracted out of their home country because of the trafficking of women who trafficked! With bruises and other signs of violence to unemployment and poverty and domestic servitude crises between communities increase. 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